Effects of Taper on Elite Collegiate Female Judokas
AbstractThe research aims to identify the effects of re-taper on physical , physiological and (SJFT) variables for elite collegiate female judokas. The researchers used the experimental approach (one-group design) with pre- and post-measurements. Six elite female judokas of Tanta University Judo Team (light weights of 48kg, 52kg and 57kg) who were under preparation for the Egyptian Collegiate Championship (43) during the academic year 2015-2016 were purposefully chosen to participate. The researchers used some physical tests and (SJFT). A re-taper program with low volume and progressive decrease of intensity from 80 to 60% was designed. Results indicated that re-taper program showed statistically significant differences between pre- and post-measurements of physical variables with high effect size ranging from (2.57) to (4.12) in favor of post-measurements. There are statistically significant differences between pre- and post-measurements of number of throws with high effect size ranging from (2.85) to (3.62) in favor of post-measurements, and statistically significant differences between pre- and post-measurements of pulse rates with high effect size ranging from (1.12) to (1.96) in favor of post-measurements. Re-taper program showed statistically significant differences between pre- and post-measurements of SJFT with effect size (1.83) in favor of post-measurements. Results also indicated that SJFT index for participants was (12.84) which means that special judo fitness of participants is very high after re-taper.
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